Bunkley's work (Primitive Accumulation) is referencing the terminology of economics relating to kick-starting economies. He is making a specific reference to the way that China has modernized in the latter part of the 20th century. Primitive Accumulation is a gift box of brightly coloured garden gnomes. Bunkley regards the garden gnome as rather an absurd item, an image of absurdity itself. It is also a colourful and Christmassy item, rather like a little Santa Claus. His gnomes are symbols of commerce and of our contemporary "throwaway" society and they have an impact on the environment in more ways than one just as this work does.